STOCKHOLM (AP) — STOCKHOLM (AP) -- Three U.S.-based scientists won this year's Nobel Prize in chemistry for developing powerful computer models that others can use to understand complex chemical interactions and create new drugs.
Two of the three are university professors in California.
The academy said Michael Levitt is a British, U.S., and Israeli citizen and a professor at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Arieh Warshel is a U.S. and Israeli citizen affiliated with the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.
The third is Martin Karplus, a U.S. and Austrian citizen, who is affiliated with the University of Strasbourg, France, and Harvard University.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said their research in the 1970s has helped scientists develop programs that unveil chemical processes that make it possible to optimize catalysts for cars or design drugs and solar cells.