2013 dog-bite stats include 5,581 postal carriers

LOS ANGELES (AP) — About 4.5 million Americans were bitten by dogs in the United States last year, including over 2 million children and 5,581 U.S. Postal Service workers, authorities announced Thursday in an effort to promote dog-bite prevention. Houston ranked worst in the nation for dog attacks on letter carriers, pushing Los Angeles, last year's leader, to second place. Here are additional numbers and ways to prevent or avoid dog attacks.

ALL DOGS CAN BITE:

People may tell you their dog doesn't bite. Don't buy it. Dog experts say any dog can bite.

WHERE CHILDREN ARE BITTEN:

The American Humane Association says two-thirds of child victims are bitten in the head or neck.

HOW TO PREVENT BITES:

— If you get mail at the front door, put the dog in a separate room and close the door. Screen doors and glass windows are no barrier when a dog really wants to get to a stranger.

— Kids need to know not to let the dog out. And don't let the dog see the kids taking mail from a carrier. The dog might consider this a threat.

— If a carrier feels uncomfortable with a dog running loose, the dog's owner may have to go to the post office for mail. If the dog is roaming the neighborhood, everyone on the block may have to go to the post office.

— Never leave a dog, even the most trusted family pet, alone with a small child.

— Always ask permission before touching or playing with a dog you don't know.

BITE NUMBERS:

Sixty-three letter carriers were bitten in Houston last year; 61 in Los Angeles; 58 in Cleveland; 53 in San Diego; and 47 in Chicago. Sixty-two cities are in the top 30 because of ties. Seven cities came in 30th with 11 bites each.

BITE-FIXING NUMBERS:

The American Society of Plastic Surgeons says there were 26,935 reconstructive procedures in 2013 to repair injuries from dog bites.

BITE-PAYING NUMBERS:

The Insurance Information Institute estimates insurers across the country paid out $483 million in dog-bite claims. State Farm paid out $104 million for 3,700 claims. Californians filed 449 claims and were paid $14.7 million; Illinois filed 309 for $8.9 million; Ohio, 221 claims for $4.2 million; Texas, 207 claims for $4 million; and Pennsylvania, 180 claims for $5.8 million.